AUTHOR/S: Raymonda S. Bartolata, Josie V. Bolanos, Marinar F. Castro

DATE COMPLETED: January 11, 2017

KEYWORDS:  minor infractions of students, discipline approaches, tardiness, exploratory and descriptive quantitative study, Child Protection Policy


                          This paper reports on an exploratory and descriptive quantitative study conducted at the Ateneo de  Davao University – High School (ADDUHS) regarding its discipline system. The data gathered in this study will be used in the future to assess the current discipline system, which uses the Cura Personalis Approach (CPA). The study was conducted to look into the patterns of student misbehavior, how sanctions were imposed in the past, as well as the teachers’ experiences and perceptions on the new discipline system in comparison with the old system. Specifically, the study wanted to find out the following: The profile of students who committed minor fractions, the infractions that were most frequently incurred by the students, the quarter of the school year with the highest number of infractions committed, the demographic profile of teachers, the teachers’ experiences on the new discipline system, and the teachers’ perceptions on the new discipline system in comparison with the old system.

             This study employed the online survey questionnaire and data mining techniques in gathering data. Primary data were collected from the (ADDUHS) teachers who have been with the school not later than SY 2012-2013, while secondary data was obtained from the students’ disciplinary and other records available at the office at the office of the Prefect of Discipline, the Registrar’s and Student Development Center (SDC). Frequencies, percentages and mean were used for the treatment of the data.

             Findings reveal that those who incurred more infractions are male senior students who come from the general sections. Tardiness was the most frequently incurred infraction followed by non-bringing of materials/books, failure to follow haircut rule, not following the dress code and displaying distracting behavior. The quarter when students committed most of the infractions is not invariable: for SY 2010-2011, 2nd quarter; SY 2011-2012, 3rd Quarter; and SY 2012-2013, 1st quarter, but never in the 4th quarter.

              Majority of the teachers who are exposed to both punitive and positive discipline are young female Roman Catholics who have been teaching in this school for 11-15 years. They are aware of the new discipline approach that is based on DepEd Order No.; 40 known as the Child Protection Policy. Although they experienced difficulties was on documenting students’ disciplinary records. For them to be able to demonstrate the Ignatian value of Cura Personalis through this new discipline approach, they need to be patient, diligent, and consistent. Although some teachers still prefer the punitive approach, many also welcomed the use of positive discipline in showing care and concern while correcting the students’ misbehavior through the CPA.

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